Uveitis occurs when the middle layer of tissue in the eye wall (uvea) gets inflamed. This condition can be painful and can cause the eye or eyes to become red and swollen. An injury to the eye, infection, and some underlying diseases may cause uveitis. If left untreated, uveitis can lead to vision loss. The most common types of rashes include:
- Anterior uveitis affects the colored part of the eye, the iris. Anterior uveitis is the most common form of uveitis and occurs in young and middle-aged people.
- Intermediate uveitis is an inflammation of the jelly-like part of the eye, the vitreous cavity.
- Posterior uveitis is an inflammation of the retina and choroid. This is the least common type of uveitis.
- Panuveitis is an inflammation in all three major parts of the eye.
Symptoms of Uveitis:
The most common symptoms of uveitis include:
- Eye redness
- Eye pain
- Sensitivity to light
- Decreased vision
- Blurred vision
- Dark, floating spots in the vision (floaters)
Causes of Uveitis:
Uveitis is caused by an inflammatory response inside the eye. However, the specific cause of uveitis isn’t clear, and the disorder may be considered an autoimmune disease that only affects the eye. Other possible causes include:
- Infections or tumors
- Eye injury or surgery
- Toxins that may penetrate the eye
- Medication side effect
Treatment for Uveitis:
Treatment for uveitis will depend on the cause and focus on that specific condition. The goal of treatment is to reduce the inflammation in the eye, alleviate pain, prevent further tissue damage, and restore any loss of vision. Several treatment options available include:
- Antibiotics or antiviral medication if the cause is due to an infection.
- Corticosteroid medications in the form of eye drops, tablets, or as an injection in the eye.
- Immunosuppressants if symptoms are very severe and there is a risk of vision loss.
- Mydriatic eye drops to dilate the pupil and help the eye heal.