MigrainesMigraines are a type of headache that can cause severe throbbing pain or a pulsing sensation. This type of headache usually occurs in stages and can last for several hours or even days. While there is no cure for migraines, treatment can help relieve symptoms and possibly prevent future migraines from occurring.
Symptoms of Migraines:
The most common symptoms of a migraine include:
- Intense throbbing on one side or both sides of the head
- Pain that worsens with physical activity
- Nausea or vomiting
- Feeling tired/confused
- Sensitivity to light, sound or smell
Causes of Migraines:
The cause of migraines is unknown. However, experts believe they may stem from changes in the brain that affect the blood vessels, balance of chemicals and the way the nerves communicate. Common migraine triggers include:
- Hormonal changes in women
- Emotional triggers, such as stress, depression, and anxiety
- Medications, such as hormone replacement therapy and some birth control pills
- Dietary factors, such as alcohol, caffeine, chocolate, etc.
- Environmental factors, including strong scents, screens, loud noises, temperature changes, etc.
Treatment for Migraines:
There is no cure for migraines. However, medications can treat symptoms when they arise and may help prevent future episodes. Common treatment options include:
- Pain-relieving medications: Over-the-counter pain relievers, triptans, dihydroergotamine, anti-nausea drugs and lasmiditan.
- Preventative medications: Blood pressure medications, antidepressants, and anti-seizure drugs.
- Lifestyle and home remedies: Biofeedback, developing a sleeping and eating routine, drinking plenty of fluids, and exercise.