Hypothyroidism & Hyperthyroidism


The thyroid controls your metabolism, heart rate, and more, providing energy to nearly every organ in the body. Hypothyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland does not produce enough hormones to maintain healthy biological functions. With hypothyroidism, all of these functions slow down.

Symptoms of Hypothyroidism:

Symptoms of hypothyroidism vary from person to person and may be difficult to identify right away. Common symptoms include:

  • Fatigue
  • Weight gain
  • Constipation
  • Depression
  • Slow heart rate
  • Thinning hair
  • Memory issues

Causes of Hypothyroidism:

The autoimmune condition known as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is the most common cause of hypothyroidism. This disease causes your immune system to attack the thyroid, leading to severe inflammation in the thyroid, reducing its function.

Treatments for Hypothyroidism:

Your physician will work with you to determine the best medications to treat your hypothyroidism and help your body maintain adequate hormone levels.


Hyperthyroidism occurs when the thyroid makes an excessive amount of hormones, causing biological processes in the body to speed up. This is also referred to as an overactive thyroid.

Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism

Similar to hypothyroidism, symptoms of hyperthyroidism vary based on the individual. However, common symptoms may include:

  • Elevated heart rate
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Weight loss
  • Increased appetite
  • Anxiety
  • Restlessness
  • Difficulty sleeping

Causes of Hyperthyroidism

The autoimmune condition called Graves’ disease is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism. It causes an overstimulation of the thyroid, causing it to secrete excess hormones. Other causes include:

  • Excess iodine
  • Thyroid inflammation
  • Tumors on the thyroid gland

Treatments for Hyperthyroidism

Your physician will work with you to determine the best medications to treat your hyperthyroidism and help your body maintain a safe and healthy amount of hormones.

At ForCare Medical Center, we can help you manage your symptoms caused by hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism.

Contact ForCare Medical Center today to schedule your appointment.