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Asthma is a chronic condition that causes the airways to narrow and swell. It can make breathing difficult and trigger wheezing when a person breathes out. Asthma affects people of all ages, but most often starts during childhood. Symptoms can range from mild to severe and can occur every day or occasionally.

Symptoms of Asthma:

Asthma symptoms vary from person to person. Some may experience symptoms all the time, while others may have infrequent asthma attacks when triggered. The most common symptoms of asthma include:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest tightness or pain
  • Wheezing
  • Anxiousness or panic
  • Fatigue
  • Coughing, especially during exercise and at night

Causes of Asthma:

The exact cause of asthma is unknown. However, it is often caused by a combination of factors, including:

  • Genetics
  • Allergies
  • Respiratory problems
  • Environment

Different allergens and irritants can act as triggers for those who have asthma. Common asthma triggers include:

  • Outdoor allergens, such as pollen
  • Indoor allergens, such as dust mites, mold and pet dander
  • Irritants in the air, such as smoke and strong odors
  • Exercise
  • Weather conditions
  • Certain medications
  • stress

Treatment for Asthma:

While there is no cure for asthma, there are ways to control symptoms. Treatment often involves learning to recognize one’s triggers and taking steps to avoid them. Common treatment options include:

  • Long-term asthma control medications: inhaled corticosteroids, leukotriene modifiers, and combination inhalers
  • Quick-relief medications: short-acting beta agonists, anticholinergic agents, and oral and intravenous corticosteroids
  • Allergy medications: Biologics

At ForCare Medical Center, we can help you manage your symptoms caused by asthma and find relief. Contact ForCare Medical Center today to schedule your appointment.